“Advertisement for Pull Yourself Together, Baby!” Photoplay, February 1937.

“Big Business.” Los Angeles Herald, December 11, 1929.

Clay Templeton. “Topic Modeling in the Humanities: An Overview.” Blog. Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities, August 1, 2011.

“Here’s What Folks Think About Sylvia.” Photoplay, May 1932.

Kennedy, David M. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945. Kindle Edition. Oxford University Press, USA, 1999.

Macfadden, Bernarr. “War Is an Ugly Word!” Physical Culture, February 1935.

McCallum, Andrew Kachites. “MALLET: A Machine Learning for Language Toolkit.” 2002.

Moretti, Franco. Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for Literary History. London; New York: Verso, 2007.

“Now I’ll Give You a Magnetic Personality Says Sylvia of Hollywood in Her New Book.” Photoplay, January 1937.

“Sylvia of Hollywood, ‘Viva Villa,’ $16,000; B’klyn Uninspiring.” Variety, June 5, 1934.

Sylvia Yahanne Elise Leiter formerly Ullback. “United States of America Petition for Citizenship, No. 202623.” Southern District of New York, NY, October 25, 1932.

“There Is Consternation among the Feminine Stars of Hollywood…” Hollywood Citizen, January 15, 1931.

“Topic Model.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, November 23, 2013.

Ullback, Sylvia. “Any Woman Can Be Beautiful.” Photoplay, February 1932.

———. “Beauty and Personality Are Inseparable.” Photoplay, November 1934.

———. “Beauty Is Made Not Born Says Sylvia.” Photoplay, January 1933.

———. “Beauty Miracles Are Handmade.” Photoplay, April 1937.

———. “‘Beware the Danger Line, Glenda!’ Warns Sylvia.” Photoplay, May 1934.

———. “Charm Is Self Made.” Photoplay, July 1937.

———. “Come On, You Fat Girls! Hey, You Skinny Girls!” Photoplay, March 1932.

———. “Cutting a Figure for Yourself.” Photoplay, March 1937.

———. “Diet for Glamour.” Photoplay, January 1937.

———. “Garbo’s Glamour… Mystery or Misery?” Photoplay, December 1936.

———. “Happiness for Every Type of Girl.” Photoplay, July 1935.

———. “Have You That ‘Desk Chair Spread’?” Photoplay, August 1932.

———. “Help Yourself to a Summer Figure.” Photoplay, June 1937.

———. “Here’s More Perfection for You.” Photoplay, January 1935.

———. “Here’s the Standard for Beautiful Legs and Feet.” Photoplay, February 1935.

———. Hollywood Undressed, Observations of Sylvia as Noted by Her Secretary. New York, Brentano’s, 1931.

———. “How About Your Hands and Feet?” Photoplay, October 1932.

———. “How I Gave Constance Cummings a New Figure.” Photoplay, March 1933.

———. “How Sylvia Changed ‘Carol of the Curves’ to Svelte Carole Lombard.” Photoplay, April 1933.

———. “How Sylvia Cured ‘Hollywood’s Most Melancholy Girl.’” Photoplay, June 1933.

———. “How to Get Rid of the Depression Blues.” Photoplay, June 1935.

———. “How Young Do You Want to Be?” Photoplay, August 1937.

———. “If You Have a Good Figure–Keep It!” Photoplay, September 1932.

———. “Is Mae West Skidding on the Curves?” Photoplay, November 1936.

———. “Keep That Perfect Figure.” Photoplay, August 1934.

———. “Let the Eyes Have ‘It’ Advises Sylvia to Jean Muir.” Photoplay, July 1934.

———. “Look Out, Patricia! Says Sylvia.” Photoplay, March 1934.

———. “Make Your Figure Perfect by Diet, Exercise, Massage.” Photoplay, November 1932.

———. “Now! Girls! Here’s Pep for You!” Photoplay, April 1932.

———. “Please! Please! Use Your Common Sense.” Photoplay, June 1932.

———. “Putting Curves on a Thin Girl.” Photoplay, September 1937.

———. “Quit Those Cocktails If You Want a Figure.” Photoplay, May 1932.

———. “Reduce Those Hips, Legs, and Arms.” Photoplay, September 1934.

———. “Stop Having the Blues.” Photoplay, February 1937.

———. “Sylvia Gives Clara Bow Some Timely Advice.” Photoplay, February 1934.

———. “Sylvia Returns–to Restore You to Beauty.” Photoplay, October 1936.

———. “Sylvia Sets the Standard for Facial Beauty.” Photoplay, April 1935.

———. “Sylvia Tells All About Connie Bennett.” Photoplay, February 1933.

———. “Sylvia Tells Loretta Young How to Put on Weight.” Photoplay, June 1934.

———. “Sylvia Tells Mae Clark How to Gain Energy.” Photoplay, April 1934.

———. “Sylvia Tells What Saved Norma Shearer’s Figure.” Photoplay, May 1933.

———. “Sylvia’s Ideals for Lovely Back, Hands, Arms.” Photoplay, March 1935.

———. “Sylvia’s Ideals for MOUTH CHIN and FACE.” Photoplay, May 1935.

———. “The Perfect Model For Your Figure.” Photoplay, December 1934.

———. “Thin Girls Need Sleep, Food, Exercise.” Photoplay, December 1932.

———. “Too Pretty to Be Plump.” Photoplay, October 1934.

———. “Tricks and Trimming of Allure.” Photoplay, May 1937.

Ullback, Sylvia, and Life Savers, Inc. “Scrap Old Ideas about Dieting, Sugar Helps You Reduce Says Sylvia, Worlds Foremost Authority on the Care of the Feminine Figure.” Photoplay, March 1933.

Yeaman, Elizabeth. “Sylvia’s Clever Hands Aid Stars to Keep Slender.” Hollywood Citizen News. September 17, 1930.

“You Will Profit Tremendously by Reading Sylvia of Hollywood’s Two Outstanding Books.” Photoplay, June 1937.

Zweiniger-Bargielowska, Ina. “Building a British Superman: Physical Culture in Interwar Britain.” Journal of Contemporary History 41, no. 4 (October 2006): 565–610.

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